Today, teen dating spans the real world and the digital world. Teens may meet first in class or at a game then get to know one another through texting, following each other and sharing photos and posts online. Before mobile, teens had to sit by the phone waiting for their friend to call. Now, they can always be connected via texting and social networks. Unfortunately, teens may find themselves in a relationship where their partner uses this constant connection to control and abuse them.
MTV’s aThinLine Campaign has conducted a series of surveys exploring the pervasiveness of digital abuse among teens and young adults. When athinline asked teens about digital abuse, they found in almost all categories digital abuse is on the decline except for within a dating relationship. This was the only category that did not show improvement from 2011 to 2013. Nearly 40% of teens reported experiencing some type of digital dating abuse including:
- Around 20% reported that their partner has checked up with them multiple times per day online or via mobile, and that their significant other had read their text messages without their permission.
- Nearly 10% said their significant other has called them names, put them down, or said mean things to them on the Internet or on their cell phone or demanded to know the passwords to their email and Internet accounts.
- Nearly 20% of young people say they felt pressured by their partner to respond to their phone calls, emails, texts, or instant messages.
This online dating abuse can take its toll on teens. A study by Michigan State University found girls, who had experienced non-physical abuse, were just as likely to experience the same negative outcomes as those who had experienced physical abuse. Both types of abuse lead to an increase in smoking, risk of depression, eating disorders and engaging in risky sexual behavior.
When a teen’s phone is constantly dinging, parents should check in. Online abuse is often harder to spot than physical abuse. Teens do text a lot but the important part is how they feel about these texts and messages. Parents should ask how often teens text or message their partner and generally what they are talking about. By listening to them, hopefully a parent can begin to see if this constant contact feels stressful and ascertain what happens if they do not respond right away to a text.
Healthy relationships are positive and safe both online and off. How they speak to one another should be respectful whether it is in the hallway or on Twitter. Relationships are built on mutual trust. Even within a relationship they are still individuals and deserve their privacy and independence. Teens should establish digital boundaries in their relationship. Friends should not demand passwords, require constant contact or insist on access to their phone. If needed, they should be able to take a break and turn off their phone.
When talking about dating, parents should talk about digital boundaries and reassure them that digital abuse is never their fault. Online abuses could be signs of a larger problem. If a teen is not feeling safe in their relationship, they need to seek help either by talking to you or another trusted adult or calling a helpline. Fortunately, many fantastic organizations are working to shed more light on this issue.
For more information on Dating, Digital Abuse and Teens, check out these great resources.
- Constant Messaging what is it? by MTV AThinLine
- What is Digital Abuse? by Loveisrespect.org
- Teen Dating Abuse and Harassment in the Digital World by Urban Institute
- The Teen Survival Guide to Dating and Relating – FREE eBook by Annie Fox
Teens may also want to check out two apps - Love is not Abuse on iTunes and Circle of 6 on GooglePlay. Both apps are designed to educate teens about dating abuse, connect them with resources and allow them to immediately reach out for help if needed.